An ileostomy is a surgically created opening in the abdominal wall. The end of the
ileum (the lowest portion of the small intestine) is brought through the abdominal wall to form a stoma, usually on the lower right side of the abdomen. When you look at your stoma, you are actually looking at the lining (or mucosa) of the intestine, which is like the lining of your cheek. Generally, the colon and rectum are removed and normal colon and rectum functions are no longer present.
The stoma will appear pink to red and will be moist and shiny. It will reduce in size over a short period of time after surgery. The shape will be round to oval and may protrude or be flush with the skin.
An ileostomy surgery
may be permanent or temporary depending upon the reason. The entire colon, rectum, and anus are removed or bypassed with a permanent ileostomy. With a temporary ileostomy, all or part of the colon is removed, but part or all of the rectum is left intact.
is usually performed when a diseased or injured colon cannot
be successfully treated by other methods. The most frequent reason for surgery is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Ileostomies are also created because of birth defects, familial polyposis, injury or complications from cancer.
Occasionally, a temporary ileostomy is performed in order to protect and rest the colon or small intestine while it is healing, or as the first stage in the formation of an ileal anal reservoir (J-pouch).
An Ileostomy Diet will also be beneficial to those people who wants to control their stoma. When learning about how to manage the stoma, the Ileostomy Diet is what the dieticians will usually prescribe.
The major function of the small intestine is to absorb the body’s nutrients and water. Enzymes released into the small intestine break food into small particles so that vitally needed proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals can be absorbed.
These enzymes will also be present in ileostomy discharge, and they can cause skin breakdown. This is why the skin around an ileostomy must always be protected.
After removal of the colon and rectum, digestive contents pass out of the body through the stoma and are collected in an individually fitted drainable pouch, which is worn at all times. The consistency of the ileostomy output will be liquid to pasty, depending on one’s diet, medications and other factors. Because the output is constant, the pouch will need to be emptied 5-8 times a day.