Ostomy surgery is performed when a person has lost normal physiologic function of the bowel or the bladder. It is often indicated for patients with birth defects, trauma to the bowel or bladder, injury, or disease conditions.
Ostomy surgeries yield beneficial effects to those patients who have ulcerative colitis, crohn's disease, and even colon and colorectal cancer. For patients with congenital diseases, it enables them to live normal lives.
Bowel Surgeries Include:
It is done by removing or bypassing a part of the colon or the big intestines. The remaining end of the colon is brought to the abdominal wall so feces can exit the GI tract.
It is done by removing or bypassing the whole colon or large intestines. The colon and the rectum is often removed as their functions cannot be used constructively anymore.
Continent Diversion Surgeries
An internal reservoir is constructed to save the remaining part of the bowel. This is where a J Pouch is ocassionally used and continent ileostomy is often constructed.
Bladder Surgeries Include:
THe bladder is removed or bypassed. Much like the ileostomy, the remaining part is brought to the abdominal wall to have an avenue of exit ofo bodily wastes, this time, urine.
Other less frequently used bladder surgeries include: Continent Urostomy and Orthotopic Neobladder.
Suggested Readings about Ostomy Surgery: